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Lemon is a common name for small thorny tree and its fruit. It is mainly used as a juice. The lemon is believed to be most likely a hyprid of the lime and the citron, hence lemon.  It is believed to have been first introduced sometime during the Middle Ages from the Middle East and northern Africa where is was known as a wild species which was thought to be originated in Southern India, Northern Burma and Southern China. The juicy, acidic and flavorful lemon is cultivated throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, particularly in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and California. The United States mainly produce Lisbon, Genoa, Sicily, Belair and the Villafranca types of lemon.  Some are produced in Arizona and Florida but the bulk of the commercial lemon crop is grown in Southern California.   Most refined lemon species are known as hybrids and produce little or no true bred seed.  During the second voyage of Christopher Columbus by planting the seed of the lemon, citrus trees were introduced in 1493 to the Island of Haiti. Lemon juice is also used as a way to redden the lips of fashionable ladies during the European Renaissance. 

Lemon oil that is use in perfumes and flavoring is in the leathery rind of Lemon or the exocarp layer that contains many volatile oil glands. Lemon oil is also known as Sunshine and Rational oil because of its color and warm cheerful fragrance and the latter because its fragrance causes a person to feel pleasant and reduce negative emotion as well. Lemon oil contains astringent and antiseptic properties as well.  Widely used in aromatherapy, the lemon has a wonderful scent.  Lemon essential oils are believed to energize the body , stimulate the activity of the liver and the lymph system and detoxify.  The lemon oil is usually cold pressed making the lemon fragrance similar to the fresh ripe peel and the fruit inside.


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